EDMONTON — The union representing Alberta health-care staff who walked off the job Monday to protest recent cuts says its members will return to work after the province’s labour relations Continue Reading

EDMONTON — The union representing Alberta health-care staff who walked off the job Monday to protest recent cuts says its members will return to work after the province’s labour relations board ruled they acted illegally. What you eat probably makes more of a difference than how often you eat. Skipping meals can make it hard to get the variety of foods and nutrients you need for good health. When you eat breakfast, lunch and dinner, you are likely to choose different foods at each meal, providing overall variety. Snacking can be a good way to add extra servings of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy protein to your diet, or it can be an excuse to eat potato chips and candy bars. If you ever felt like Alice in Wonderland when it came to knowing what is accurate nutrition information, this book explains why we have conflicting information regarding human nutrition and why the public is confused about what is good nutrition. There are different schools of thought regarding diet and nutrition. For years, the American public has been informed that there is no direct relationship between health and disease. This book refutes that claim. Most emphatically yes, there is a direct correlation between what we eat and our health. Vegetable shortening, all partially-hydrogenated oils, and all deep-fried foods, as these types of fat promote inflammation and potential damage to the vessels of the heart. The nutritional composition and levels can change in genetically modified foods, leading to unanticipated side effects. For just $10, you can try out samples of every single product from Eight Saints, a natural skincare line. To give you an idea of how great a deal this is, it costs $651 to buy the entire full-sized lineup of creams and oils and masks (and that’s with the 15 percent discount currently running). But with the sampler kit, you can be sure about your investment before you purchase any full-sized products. To date, most skin studies have been carried out in Western populations. As a result, a number of big-name pharmaceuticals and personal care companies have recently expanded their R&D activities in Singapore and are exploring collaborative projects with SRIS researchers. For example, Singapore-based specialty pharmaceutical and consumer healthcare group, Hyphens is currently working with sugar-based surfactant micro-emulsions technology from ASTAR’s Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES), and is collaborating with SRIS researchers to develop new treatments for acne and hyperpigmentation disorders. Our bodies make vitamin D largely from sun exposure, hence vitamin D’s nickname as the “sunshine vitamin.” Unfortunately, the average adult in the United States spends nearly nine of every 10 hours indoors, the EPA reports. Without supplementation or adequate sunlight, vitamin D deficiency is almost certain, claims the Vitamin D Council. Vitamin D can help reduce the risk and severity of periodontal disease, the American Academy of Periodontology reports. Adequate vitamin D levels keep inflammation under control. If inflammation in the gums gets too high, it’s more difficult for your immune system to fight the infection that’s causing peridontal disease. The Vitamin D Council recommends 5,000 International Units of vitamin D per day.

Indigenous commensal bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract are believed to play a role in host immune defence by creating a barrier against colonisation by pathogens. Disease and the use of antibiotics can disrupt this barrier, creating an environment that favours the growth of pathogenic organisms. There is now evidence that providing exogenous, live, ‘desirable’ bacteria, termed probiotics, can contribute to maintenance of the host’s gastrointestinal barrier. 177 Probiotic organisms are found in fermented foods including traditionally cultured dairy products and some fermented milks; the most commonly used commercial organisms are various lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. 178 These organisms are able to colonise the gut temporarily, making their regular consumption necessary. In addition to creating a physical barrier, some of the products of the metabolism of both endogenous commensal bacteria and probiotic bacteria, including lactic acid and antimicrobial proteins, can directly inhibit the growth of pathogens. 179 Probiotic bacteria also compete with some pathogenic bacteria for available nutrients. In addition to these direct interactions between commensal and probiotic organisms on the one hand and pathogens on the other, commensal and probiotic organisms can interact with the host’s gut epithelium and gut-associated immune tissues. 179-181 These communications with the host may occur through chemicals released from the bacteria or through direct cell-to-cell contact and it is through these interactions that probiotics are thought to be able to influence immune function, even at sites distant from the gut. 181 Nevertheless, the precise nature of these interactions is not very well understood. 181 A large number of studies have examined the influence of various probiotic organisms, either alone or in combination, on immune function, infection and inflammatory conditions in human subjects. 182 Certain probiotic organisms appear to enhance innate immunity (particularly phagocytosis and natural killer cell activity), but they seem to have a less pronounced effect on acquired immunity. 182 Studies show improved vaccination responses in individuals taking probiotics, 183 184 as reviewed elsewhere. 185 Recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses confirm that probiotics or prebiotics (these are usually non-digestible oligosaccharides that act as fuels for some types of bacteria enhancing their growth; many probiotics are bifidogenic) enhance the antibody response to seasonal influenza vaccination in adults. 186 187 The studies with probiotics have most often used lactobacilli or bifidobacteria.

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