Most of us have heard or read about this and some people also keep saying this to others as friendly advice. The gut microbiota seems to be protective against respiratory Continue Reading

Most of us have heard or read about this and some people also keep saying this to others as friendly advice. The gut microbiota seems to be protective against respiratory infection, as its depletion or absence in mice leads to impaired immune responses and worsens outcomes following bacterial or viral respiratory infection. 205 206 These observations suggest a gut-lung axis of some importance in maintaining respiratory fitness during infection. There are a number of studies of probiotics in human respiratory disease, mainly in children, and mainly using different lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Many of these studies find benefits of probiotics in terms of reduced incidence or severity of respiratory tract infections. These studies have been subject to a number of systematic reviews and meta-analyses over recent years 207-215 ; the findings of these are summarised in table 2 Taken together, these findings provide some evidence that probiotics, in particular some lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, reduce the incidence, and improve the outcomes, of respiratory infections in humans. Thus, the observation that some Chinese patients with COVID-19 showed intestinal dysbiosis with low numbers of lactobacilli and bifidobacterial 176 is important, but whether this dysbiosis is a predisposing factor to COVID-19 in those patients is not known. However, the totality of the evidence demonstrating that lactobacilli and bifidobacteria may improve immune function, enhance the response to seasonal influenza vaccination (which mimics a viral infection), reduce the incidence of respiratory infections, including those caused by viruses, and improve outcomes in those with respiratory infections would favour the use of these organisms as a strategy to reduce the risk and severity of viral respiratory infections. Milk. Drink up! There’s a reason why Mom served it: It’s rich in protein and calcium, which are important for healthy muscles and bones. The New York Times is engaged in a comprehensive effort to track information on every coronavirus case in the United States, collecting information from federal, state and local officials around the clock. The numbers in this article are being updated several times a day based on the latest information our journalists are gathering from around the country. The Times has made that data public in hopes of helping researchers and policymakers as they seek to slow the pandemic and prevent future ones. If a B12 deficiency is suspected, your physician can do a blood test to evaluate your levels of B12 and likely other B vitamins, including folic acid. Braithwaite I, Hunt A, Riley J, Fingleton J, Kocks J, Corin A, Beasley R. Randomised controlled trial of topical kanuka honey for the treatment of rosacea. BMJ open. Jun 24 2015;5(6):e007651.

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